V: Shri Jagat Pati Joshi
Name: Shri Jagat Pati Joshi
Date of Birth: 14 July, 1932 at Almora, Uttaranchal, India
He did his M.A. in History (Ancient Indian History and Culture) from Lucknow University in 1954 and was also awarded Gopal Das Memorial Gold Medal for submitting the best thesis in the last three years in the faculty of Arts, Lucknow University. The thesis was entitled ‘Saiva Mythology as represented on Ancient Indian Terracota Seals and Coins’.
He did his LL.B. in 1953 from the same University.
He did Post Graduate Diploma in Archaeology (first batch) from the School of Archaeology (now elevated to the Institute of Archaeology) in the Archaeological Survey of India, New Delhi in 1961.
- Director General (1987 to 1990) and Adviser (1994-1995) in the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
- He has found (jointly with Shri A.K. Sharma), the Dynastic Temple and fulfledged school of Vakataka Art at Mansar Distt. Nagpur under aegis of Bodhisattva Nagarjun Smarak Va Anusandhan Kendra, Nagpur. He is the Adviser of the Institution.
- He has recently established the Matri Smriti Museum and Research Centre at Kankhal, Hardwar connected with Sri Ma Anandamayee-a museum of spiritual Heritage.
- He has been examiner of Ph.D. Thesis on Archaeological subjects in Deccan College Post-Graduate Institute Pune, Kurukshetra University, Allahabad University, M.S. University, Vadodara and Garhwal University etc.
- He joined Archaeological Survey of India in 1956 at Nagarjunakonda, Andhra Pradesh and has since worked in various official capacities in different regions of India and has 45 years of meritorious service in the field of archaeology to his credit. He was associated with a number of explorations, excavations and conservation projects of ASI and other Institutions.
- He has specialised in Proto-History and excavations particularly on Harappan Civilization besides Conservation of Monuments. His basic contributions to Indian Archaeology include:
- He discovered a large number of sites of Pre-Harappan, Harappan and late Harappan Cultures in Gujarat, Jammu, Punjab and Haryana. Out of these sites, the biggest Harappan site in India i.e., Dholavira in Kutch which is now under excavation was discovered by him during his explorations in Kutch in 1966.
- He has independently directed the excavations of Harappan sites at Surkotada, Manda and of Late Harappan sites at Bhagwanpura, Dadheri, Kathpalon and Nagar.
- Discovery of land routes of the migration of Harappans from Sind to Saurashtra via Kutch. This has been established on the basis of his exploration.
- On the score of excavations carried out under his direction at Surkotada : a Harappan site in Kutch, bones of true horse i.e., equus cabalus linn were discovered and now horse is associated with the Harappans also which is of considerable importance.
- The dark period from circa 1500 B.C. to 1000 B.C. has been bridged on the basis of his discoveries of overlap of late Harappan and PGW Cultures in Haryana and Punjab particularly in the excavations at Bhagwanpura (Distt. Kurukshetra), Haryana, Dadheri (District Ludhiana); Nagar and Kathpalon (District Jalandhar) under his direction. On the score of excavations carried out by him in Haryana & Punjab and Jammu an earlier phase of PGW and Grey Ware has been recognised which is associated with the Bronze age.
- On the basis of explorations and detailed documentation and plottings done under his direction, it has been brought to light that the main thrust of Harappans was from Bhawalpur/Pakistan area to Rajasthan, Haryana and Punjab through river Sarasvati. The Harappans in their course of expansion did not follow the riverine routes of Punjab as was believed earlier.
- He has jointly with Prof. F.R. Allchin of Cambridge University excavated at the post Harappan site at Malvan which established the point of penetration by Harappans to areas in Northern Deccan.
- His explorations and observations brought to light three economic pockets of Harappans on Sarasvati-Hakra system. This could be discerned after the discovery of a large number of Harappans sites in District Mansa, Punjab.
- He has been able to date the fire alters found at Kalibangan, Banawali in the Saraswati Valley and Lothal to the middle levels of Harappan stratigraphy which perhaps shows their affiliation with Vedic Culture.
- He has collaborated in excavations and other projects on National and International levels for e.g., with Prof. S.B. Deo, formerly Director, Deccan College, Pune and Prof. Asko Parpola, of Helsinki, a renowned scholar of Indus Studies from Finland and Prof. F.R. Allchin of Cambridge University, a renowned archeologist. The Collaborated field works are now published.
- An altogether new centre of Hinayana School of Buddhist Art was brought to light by him jointly with Dr. S.B. Deo) at Pauni, District Bhandara, Maharashtra.
- Besides, leading Indian archaeological delegations to Sri Lanka, Pakistan, U.K., Syria, he had visited Australia, Bahrain, USSR, Male, Nepal, Japan, Singapore, France, Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam and USA, he represented India in various committees of UNESCO e.g. on Restitution of Cultural Property, Conservation in Cambodia and Mohenjo daro during his tenure as Director General, ASI.
- He delivered the Presidential Address in the Indian Archaeological Society, Kanya Kumari Session 1990 and H.D. Sankalia Memorial Lecture in Indian Society of Prehistoric and Quaternary Studies at Allahabad in 1999.
Membership of Societies, Scholarships, Prizes, Etc.:
- He was Member Secretary of the Expert Group on Achaeology appointed by Govt. of India under Shri R.N. Mirdha, M.P. in 1984.
- He was Chairman of the Expert Committee’s in Salarjung Museum, Hyderabad 1992-1994; Chairman, Art Purchase Committee of the National Museum, New Delhi, 1992-1994 and Member Expert Committee on Taj Trapezium under Dr. S. Varadarajan (Ministry of Environment & Forest), New Delhi appointed by Hon’ble Supreme Court of India. For each of these Committees, detailed reports are available.
- He is nominated by Govt. of India in the Board of Allahabad Museum.
- He was also Trustee of Indian Museum, Calcutta.
- He is expert member on the Assessment Board (Archaeo-botany), Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow.
- He is Chairman, Committee for the Preparation of Inventory of Protected Monuments of National Importance appointed by Archaeological Survey of India.
- He is the Member of Governing Body of Sri Ma Anandamayee Sangh.
- He is member of the Central Advisory Board of Archaeology and its Standing Committee.
- Pauni Excavation (1960-70), Nagpur, 1972 (jointly with Prof. S.B. Deo)
- Excavation at Surkotada 1971-72 and Exploration in Kutch, Memoirs of the Archaeological Survey of India 87, (-MASI), New Delhi, 1990.
- Excavation at Bhagwanpura 1975-76 and other explorations and excavations 1975-81 in Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab, MASIS9, New Delhi, 1993.
- Excavations at Malvan, MAS192, New Delhi, 1995. (with Dr. RR. Allchin).
- Corpus of Indus Seals and Inscriptions: collections in India, MASI, 1996 Helsinki, 1987 (edited with Asko Parpola).
- Facets of Indian Civilization: Recent perspectives (Essays in honour of Prof. B.B. Lal) (ed). New Delhi, 1997.
- Inventory of Monuments and Sites of National Importance (Vol. I Part 1), Srinagar Circle, Archaeological Survey of India, New Delhi, 1998 (with Krishna Deva, et al).
- Inventory of Monuments and Sites of National Importance (Vol. I Part 2), Chandigarh Circle, Archaeological Survey of India, New Delhi, 1999 (with Krishna Deva et al).
- Excavations at Kalibangan, The Early Harappan (with B.B. Lal et al).
- Inventory of Monuments and Sites of National Importance, Delhi Circle (with Krishna Deva et al).
- Inventory of Monuments and Sites of National Importance, Jaipur CircJe(with Krishna Deva et al).
- Inventory of Monuments and Sites of National Importance, Vadodara Circle (with Krishna Deva et al).
- ‘Explorations in northern Kutch’, Journal of Oriental Institute of Baroda, XVI, 1966-67, pp. 62-69.
- ‘Explorations in northern Kutch’, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1970, pp. 20-28.
- ‘Explorations in northern Kutch and excavations at Surkotada and new light on Harappan migration’, Journal of Oriental Institute of Baroda, XXn, 1972, pp. 98-144.
- ‘Fresh light on Archaeology of Kutch’ in (ed) Deo S.B., Archaeological Congress and Seminar Papers, (-ACSP), Nagpur 1972, pp. 21-35.
- ‘Malvan’, (with F.R. Allchin), in ACSP 1972, pp. 36-42.
- ‘Excavations at Surkotada’, in (ed) Agrawal D.P. and A. Ghosh, Radio-Carbon and Indian Archaeology, TIFR Bombay, 1973, pp. 173-181.
- ‘Surkotada: A chronological Assessment’, Puratattya, 7, 1974, pp. 34-38.
- ‘A note on the excavation at Bhagwanpura’, PuTatattva, 8, 1975-76, pp. 178-79.
- ‘Life during the period of overlap of Late Harappa and PGW Cultures’, (with Madhu Bala), Journal of the Indian Society of Oriental Art (NS) IX, 1977-78, pp. 20-29.
- ‘Interlocking of late Harappan culture and painted Grey Ware Culture in the light of recent excavation’, Man and Environment, (-ME) II, 1978, pp. 98-100.
- ‘The nature of the settlement of Surkotada’ (ed) Agrawal, D.P. and Dilip Chakrabarti, Essays in Indian Pre History, New Delhi, 1979, pp. 34-38.
- ‘Movement of the Harappans in circa third and second millennium B .C. ‘ ME, V, 1981, pp 64-69.
- ‘Manda: AHarappan site in Jammu and Kashmir’, (with Madhu Bala) in (ed) Possehl, Gregory L., Harappan Civilization: A recent perspective. New Delhi, 1982, pp. 185-95.
- ‘Harappan Culture-Emergence of a new Culture’, Pliratattva 13-14, 1981-83, pp 51-54.
- ‘The Indus Civilization : A reconsideration on the basis of distribution Maps’ (with Madhu Bala and Jassu Ram) in (ed) Lal, B.B. and S.P. Gupta, Frontiers of the Indus Civilization, New Delhi, 1984, pp. 511-30.
- ‘Settlement patterns in third second and first millennia B.C. in India-with special reference to recent discoveries in Punjab’, in (ed) Varma, K.C. et al, Rtambhara: studies in Indology (Acharya Udaya Vira Shastri Felicitation Volume), Ghaziabad, 1986, pp 134-39.
- India and Bahrain: A survey of culture interaction during the third and second millennia’ in (ed) Shaikha HayaAliAl Khalifa and Michael Rice, Bahrain through the Ages, the Archaeology, London, 1986, pp. 73-75.
- ‘The Mahabharata and Indian Archaeology’, in (ed) Pande B.M. and B.D. Chattopadhyaya, Archaeology and History, (Essays in Memory of Sim A. Ghosh) New Delhi, 1987, pp. 19-34.
- ‘Archaeological perspectives of Marine activities in Ancient India’, in (ed) Rao, S.R., Marine Archaeology of Indian Ocean Countries, Goa, 1988, pp 99-103.
- ‘Presidential Address, Indian Archaeological Society’, 24th Annual Session, Kanyakumari, 1990, in Facets of Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, (ed) Gupta, S.P. and K.S. Ramachandran, New Delhi, 1991, pp. xxi-xxxi.
- ‘Scientific aspects of Indian Archaeology’, in (ed) Khanduri B.M. and Vinod Nautiyal, Him Kanti-Archaeology, Ait and History, (Prof. K.P. Nautiyal felicitation Volume), Delhi, 1997, pp. 240-44.
- Indian Archaeological expeditions abroad’, in (ed) Jagat Pati Joshi, et al, Facets of Indian Civilization, New Delhi, 1997, pp. 597-610.
- ‘Stopping water leakage from the Dome of the Taj’, in Facets of Indian Civilization, New Delhi, 1997, pp. 680-86 (with S.S. Biswas).
- ‘Religious and burial practices of Harappans: Indian evidence’ in (ed) Pande G.C., The dawn of Indian civilization up to 600 B.C., New Delhi, 2000.
- ‘Harappa culture at the close of twentieth century A.D. ‘, Man and Environment, XXV, 2000, pp. 15-30.
C. Papers in Conferences, Short Notes, Etc.:
- “Overlap of Late Harappan Culture and Painted Grey Ware Culture in the light of recent excavation in Haryana, Punjab and Jammu”, (Proceedings of the Seminar on Indus Civilisation: problems and Issues, Shimla (Nov. 1977).
- “Monumental Heritage”, (Workshop under the auspices of UNESCO at Delhi, 1981).
- Perspectives of Monumental Heritage and conservation Policy, (Seminar, 1999).
- “Identification of Antiquities” (Seminar held at the National Museum) New Delhi.
- “Archaeology of Rohilkhand” (Seminar held at Raza Library, Rampur, 1999).
- “Perspectives of Himalayan Heritage” Himalayan Bandhava Seminar, Bhopal, 1999.
- “Preservation of Monuments in India”, UNESCO Regional Seminar, Sydney.
- “Colonial heritage in India”, UNESCO Seminar, Sydney.
- Archaeological Perspective of Kachchh, Seminar and National Symposium on “Recent Advances in geology and Resource Potential of the Kachchh Basin”, Varanasi, Dec. 21-23.2000.
- Agrawal, D.P. 1995. Archaeo-metallurgical Studies in India: Problems and Prospects. Paper Presented at the Group Discussion on Scientific Aspects of Pre- and Protohistoric India, Held on 15 November 1995, Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow.
- Agrawal D.P. and Pande B.M. (Eds.) 1977. Ecology and Archaeology of Western India. New Delhi.
- Agrawal, D.P. and Dilip K. Chakrabarty (Eds.) 1978. Essays in Indian Protohistory. New Delhi: D.K. Publishers.
Agrawal D.P. Ancient Metal Technology and Archaeology in South Asia, 2000 New Delhi.
- Allchin, Bridget and F.R. Allchin 1982. The Rise of Civilization in India and Pakistan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Bhan, K.K. 1989. Late Harappan Settlements of Western India with Specific Reference to Gujarat, in Old Problems and New Perspective in the Archaeology of South Asia (J.M. Kenoyer Ed.), pp. 219-244.
- Madison: Wisconsin Archaeological Reports 2. Bhan, Suraj 1973. The Sequence and Spread of Protohistoric Cultures in the Upper Sarasvati Basin, Radiocarbon and Indian Archaeology (D.P. Agrawal and A. Ghosh Eds.), pp. 252-263. Bombay: Tata Institute of Fundamental Research.
- Bhan, Suraj 1975. Excavation at Mitathal (1968) and Other Explorations in the Sutlej-Yamuna Divide. Kurukshetra: Kurukshetra University.
- Bhan, Suraj 1976. Transformation of Harappa Culture in Haryana, in Archaeological Congress and Seminar 1972 (Udai Vir Singh Ed.), pp. 23-30. Kurukshetra: Kurukshetra University.
- Bisht,R.S. 1987. Further Excavations at Banawali: 1983- 84, in Archaeology and History, Essays in Memory of A. Ghosh, (B.M. Pande and B.D. Chattopadhyaya Eds.), pp. 133-156. New Delhi: Agam Kala.
- Bisht, R.S. 1989. The Harappan Colonization of the Kutch: an Ergonomic Study with Reference to Dholavira and Surkotada, in History and Art (Krishna Deva and Lallanji Gopal Eds., pp. 265-272. New Delhi: Ramanand Vidya Bhawan.
- Bisht, R.S. 1997. Dholavira Excavations 1990-94, in Facets of Indian Civilization Recent Perspectives, Essays in Honour of Professor B.B. Lal (Jagat Pati Joshi Ed.), pp. 107-130. New Delhi: Aryan Books International.
- Bisht, R.S. and Shashi Asthana 1979. Banawali and Some Other Recently Excavated Harappan Sites in India, South Asian Archaeology 7977(M. Taddei Ed.), pp. 223-240. Rome: IsMEO.
- Dani, Ahmed Hasan, 1981. Indus Civilization: New Perspectives. Islamabad: Quaid-i-Azam University. Dhavalikar, M.K. 1995. Cultural Imperialism, Indus Civilization, Western India. New Delhi: Books & Books.
- Dikshit, K.N. 1978. The Late Harappan Culutre in India, in Essays in Indian Profohistory (D.P. Agrawal and Dilip K. Chakrabarti Eds.), pp. 123-133. New Delhi: D.K. Publishers.
- Dikshit, K.N. 1984. Late Harappan in Northen India, in Frontiers of the Indus Civilization (B.B. Lal and S.P. Gupta Eds.), pp. 253-269. New Delhi: Books & Books.
- Dikshit, K.N. 1990-91. The Legacy of Indus Civilization in Northern India, Puratattva 21: 17-20.
- Dikshit, K.N. (Ed.) 1985. Archaeological Perspective of India Since Independence. Delhi.
- Franefort, D. Henn Paul 1985. Prospection and Archaeologiques An nord – onest De L’inde, Reppert Pre-liminaire, 1983-84 MAFI.
- Ghosh, A. 1973. The City in Early Historical India. Simla: Indian Institute of Advanced Study.
- Ghosh, A. 1982. Deurbanization of Harappan Civilization, in Harappan Civilization (Gregory L. Phossehl Ed.), pp. 321-324. New Delhi: Oxford-IBH.
- Guha Sudeshana, 1990. Evaluation of the Harappan State (Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation). Pune: University of Poona.
- Gupta, S.P. 1997. The Origins of the Indus-Sarasvati Civilization, in The Facets of Indian Civilization (J.P. Joshi, Chief Editor), pp. 129-141. New Delhi: Aryan Books International.
- Gupta, S.P. 1982. The Late Harappan: a Study in Cultural Dynamics, in Harappan Civilization (Gregory L. Possehl Ed.), pp. 51-59. New Delhi: Oxford-IBH.
- Gupta, S.P. 1997. The Indus-Sarasvati Civilization. New Hegde, K.T.M., K.K. Bhan and V.H. Sonawane 1984-85.
- Excavations at Nageshwar – 1984, Journal of the Maharaja Sayaji Rao University of Baroda (Humanities) XXXIII-XXXIV(I): 3-20.
- IAR: Indian Archaeology A Review, 1953-54 to 1982-83. New Delhi: Annual Bulletin of the Archaeological Survey of India.
- Joshi, J. P. 1972. Exploration in Kutch and Excavation at Surkotada and New Light on Harappan Migration, Journal of the Oriental Institute XXII(1-2): 99-144.
- Joshi, J. P. 1978. Inter-locking of Late Harappan Culture and Painted Grey Ware Culture in the Light of Recent Excavations, Man and Environment II: 98-101.
- Joshi, J.P. 1990. Excavations at Surkotada and Exploration in Kutch. New Delhi: Memoirs of the Archaeo- logical Survey of India No. 87.
- Joshi, J.P. 1993. Excavation at Bhagwanpura 1975-76 and Other Explorations and Excavations in Haryana 1975-81, Jammu & Kashmir and Punjab. New Delhi: Memoirs of the Archaeological Survey of India No. 89.
- Joshi, J. P. andAsko Parpola 1987. Corpus of Indus Seals and Inscriptions. Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia.
- Joshi, J.P. and F.R. Allchin 1995. Excavations at Malvan. New Delhi: Memoirs of the Archaeological Survey of India No. 92.
- Joshi, J.P. and Bisht R.S. 1995. India and the Indus Civilization, p.l-2, 21-22, 43-46. New Delhi: V.C. National Museum Institute.
- Joshi, J.P. and Krishna Deva 1998. Inventory of Monuments and Sites of National Importance, Vol. I, Part 1. New Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India.
- Joshi, J. P., Madhu Bala and Jassu Ram 1984. Indus Civilization: a Reconsideration on the Basis of Distribution Maps, in Frontiers of the Indus Civilization (B.B. Lal and S.P. Gupta Eds.), pp. 511-530. New Delhi: Books & Books.
- Kenoyer, J.M. 1998. Ancient Cities of the Indus Valley Civilization. Karachi: Oxford University Press and the American Institute of Pakistan Studies.
- Lal, B.B. 1982. West was West and East was East but When and How Did the Twain Meet? The Role of Bhagwanpura as a Bridge, in Harappan Civilization (Gregory L. Phossehl Ed.), pp. 335-338. New Delhi-Oxford-IBH.
- Lal, B.B. 1997. The Earliest Civilization of South Asia: Rise, Maturity and Decline. New Delhi: Aryan Books International.
- Lal, B.B. and S.P. Gupta (Eds.) 1984. Frontiers of the Indus Civilization. New Delhi: Books & Books. Mackay, E.J.H. 1937-38. Further Excavations at Mohenjodaro, Vol. II. New Delhi: Government of India.
- Madhu Bala 1978. A Survey of Protohistoric Investigation in Punjab and the Emergent Picture, Indian Anthropology 8:89-118.
Madhu Bala 1992. Archaeology of Punjab. New Delhi: Agam Kala.
- Madhu Bala 1997. Some Unique Antiquities and Pottery from Kalibangan, in Facets of Indian Civilization Recent Perspectives, Essays in Honour of Professor B.B. Lal, (Jagat Pati Joshi Ed.), pp. 103-106. New Delhi: Aryan Books International.
- Margbandhu, C. 1986. Some Fresh Evidence from Sanghol Excavations 1985-86,Puratattva 16:73-78.
- Marshall, Sir John 1931. Mohenjo-Daro and The Indus Civilization, London: Arthur Probsthain.
- Misra V.N. 1993. Indus Civilization and the Rigvedic Sarasvati, in South Asian Archaeology 1991 (A. Parpola and P. Koskikallio Eds.), pp. 511-525. Helsinki: Soumalainen Tiedeakatemia. Mughal, M.R. 1981. New Archaeological Evidence from Bahawalpur, in Indus Civilization: New Perspectives (Ahmad Hasan Dani Ed.), pp. 32-42. Islamabad: Quaid-i-Azam University.
- Mughal, M.R. 1990. Further Evidences of the Early Harappan Culture in the Greater Indus Valley 1971-90, South Asian Studies’: 175-200.
- Mughal, M.R. 1993. Jhukar and Late Harappan Cultural Mosaic of the Greater Indus Valley, South Asian Archaeology 1989 (Catherine Jarrige Ed.), pp. 213-221. Madison: Prehistory Press.
- Mughal, M.R. 1997. Ancient Cholistan. Lahore: Feroz and Sons.
- Pande, B.M. 1984. Harappan Art: an Experiment in Third Dimension, in Frontiers of the Indian Civilization (B.B. Lal and S.P. Gupta Eds.), pp. 105-107. New Delhi: Books & Books.
- Pande, B.M. and B.D. Chattopadhyaya (Eds.) 1987. Archaeology and History, Essays in Memory of A. Ghosh. New Delhi: Agam Kala.
- Parpola, Asko 1984. New Correspondence between Harappan and Near Eastern Glyptic Art, in South Asian Archaeology 1981 (B. Allchin Ed.), pp. 176-195. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Possehl, Gregory L. (Ed.) 1979. Ancient Cities of the Indus. New Delhi: Oxford-IBH.
- Possehl, Gregory L. (Ed.) 1980. Indus Civilization in Saurashtra. Delhi: Oxford-IBH.
- Possehl, Gregory L. 1982. The Harappan Civilization: a Contemporary Perspective, in Harappan Civilization (Gregory L. Possehl Ed.), 15-28. New Delhi: Oxford-IBH.
- Possehl, Gregory L. 1994. Indus Script. New Delhi.
- Possehl, Gregory L. (Ed.), 1996. Harappan Civilization. New Delhi: Oxford-IBH and the American Institute of Indian Studies.
Possehl, Gregory L. and M.M. Rawal 1989. Harappan Civilization and Rojdi. New Delhi: Oxford-IBH and the American Institute of Indian Studies.
- Possehl, Gregory L, Indus Age, The Beginnings, 1999, New Delhi.
- Rao, S.R. 1963. Exacavation at Rangpur and Other Explorations in Guiarat, Ancient India 18-19: 5-207.
Rao, S.R. 1982. New Light on the Post-Urban (Late Harappan) Phase of the Indus Civilization in India, in Harappan Civilization (Gregory L. Possehl Ed.), pp. 353-359. New Delhi: Oxford-IBH.
- Rao, S.R. 1988. Marine Archaeology of the Indian Ocean Countries. Goa: National Institute of Oceanography.
- Rao, S.R. 1988. Lothal and the Indus Civilization. Bombay: Asia Publishing House.
- Rao, S.R. 1991. Dawn and Devolution of the Indus Civilization. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan.
- Rao, S.R. 1997. Lothal 1955-56, Vol. I & II. New Delhi: Memoirs of the Archaeological Survey of India No. 78.
- Robert, H. and Jr. Dyson 1982. Paradigm Changes in the Study of the Indus Civilization, in Harappan Civilization (Gregory L. Possehl Ed.), pp. 417-427. New Delhi: Oxford-IBH.
- Sahi, M.D.N. 1994. Aspects of Indian Archaeology. Delhi.
- Shaffer, Jim G. 1981. The Protohistoric Period in the Eastern Punjab: a Preliminary Assessment, in Indus Civilization: New Perspectives (Ahmad Hasan Dani Ed.), pp. 65-102. Islamabad: Quaid-i-Azam University.
- Shaffer, Jim G. 1982. Harappan Civilization: a Reconsideration, in Harappan Civilization (Gregory L. Possehl Ed.), pp. 41-50. New Delhi: Oxford-IBH.
- Shaikh, K.H. and S.H. Ashfaque 1981. The Times of India. 10 December.
- Sharma, A.K. 1970. Kalibangan Human Skeletal Remains: an Osteo-Archaeological Approach, Journal of the Oriental Research institute XIX: 109-113.
- Sharma, A.K. 1993. The Harappan Horse was Buried undei Dunes of…, Puratattva 23: 30-34.
- Sharma, Y.D. 1973. Value of Common Painted Ceramic Designs from Different Sites as Guide to Chronology with Special Reference to Pottery at Bara (Punjab), in Radiocarbon and Indian Archaeology (D.P. Agrawal and A. Ghosh Eds.), pp. 220-230. Bombay: Tata Institute of Fundamental Research.
- Sharma, Y.D. 1976. Transformation of the Harappa Culture in the Punjab, in Archaeological Congress and Seminar 1972 (Udai Vir Singh Ed.), pp. 5-15. Kurukshetra: Kurukshetra University.
- Sharma, Y.D. 1982. Harappan Complex on the Sutlej (India), in Harappan Civilization, (Gregory L. Possehl Ed.), pp. 141-165. New Delhi: Oxford-IBH.
- Sharma, Y.D. 1987. Fresh Light on the Bara Culture from Mahorana, in Arcaheology and History, Essays in Memory of A. Ghosh (B.M. Pande and B.D.Chattopadhyaya Eds.), pp. 157-176. Delhi: Agam Kala.
- Sharma, Y.D. (in press). Bara and the So-called Late Harappan Cultures of Punjab and Haryana, in in Indus Civilization: Problems and Issues’. 1977 (B.B. Lal and S.C. Malik Eds.). Shimla: Indian Institute of Advanced Studies.
- Shukla, S.P. 1994. Harappan Heritage: a Study of Enigmatic Figures. Paper Read at the 3rd World Archaeological Congress, New Delhi, December 1994.
- Singh, Bhagwan 1995. The Vedic Harappans. New Delhi: Aditya Prakshan.
- Singh, Udai Vir 1989. Excavation at Mirzapur, Distric Kurukshetra (Haryana), in Essays in Indology, Polity and Administration Vol. I (S.D. Trivedi Ed.), pp. 27-30. Delhi: Ed.), pp. 27-30. Delhi.
- Singh, Udai Vir 1994. Late Harappan Cultures of Haryana Paper Read at the 3rd World Archaeological Congress, New Delhi, December 1994.
- Singh, U.V. (in press). Late Harappan Culture as Revealed by the Excavations at Mirzapur and Daulatpur, District Kurukshetra (Haryana), in Indus Civilization: Problems and Issues’. 1977 (B.B. Lal and S.C. Malik Eds.). Simla: Indian Institute of Advanced Studies.
- Singh, U.V. and Suraj Bhan 1982. A Note on the Excavations at Balu, District Jind (Haryana), in Indian Archaeology: New Perspectives (R.K. Sharma Ed.), pp. 71-82. Delhi: Agam Kala.
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